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Kenrad E. Nelson教授:安全输血,拒绝肝炎传播

Published at: 2015年第1卷第S1期

连海玲 , 王惠
关键词:

编者按:7月13日至14日,广东省血液安全培训班在广州圆满召开。会议集结了国内外多位著名的血液安全领域、流行病研究专家。来自美国约翰斯·霍普金斯大学的Prof. Kenrad E. Nelson作为本次会议的特邀讲者,也百忙之中远道而来参加此次会议,并在会上就“HEV and Blood Safety”一题作了精彩分享,与观众积极互动,深入讨论。Prof. Nelson在输血传播肝炎病毒及血液安全方面,有着丰富的研究经验和深刻的研究认识。他也是AME旗下杂志Annals of Blood的编委,会后,我们就肝炎传播等血液安全问题,对Prof. Nelson进行了专访。

人物聚焦

Dr. Nelson is currently a professor of Epidemiology, International Health and Medicine at Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions in Baltimore, USA. He received an MD from Northwestern University Medical School in Chicago, USA. His research is focused on the Epidemiology, Prevention of Treatment of Infectious Diseases. His special interest is in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Tuberculosis and other Infectious Diseases. He has active research projects currently in Thailand, China, Taiwan, Bangladesh and the Republic of Georgia. He has been the author or co-author of 481 Scientific Papers and 3 books, including “Infectious Diseases Epidemiology: Theory and Practice”. He was awarded an Honorary Dr. PH degree from Chiang Mai University in Thailand in 1994.

采访问题:

Q1

Firstly,would you like to briefly introduce yourself to our readers?

Q2

There are many researches on HEV in field of transfusion. How do you think about the necessity and possibility to include HEV in the screening of blood donors?

Q3

As we know, China has a high prevalence of hepatitis B. What do you think is the most important approach to block it?

Q4

Some people think there is no need to do related researches on HCV, because of the satisfactory efficacy of anti-viral drugs. Do you agree with that?

目前,HEV在输血行业的研究比较多,Nelson 教授认为将HEV列入献血者筛查是很重要的。他指出大量的献血者筛查发现有戊型肝炎感染的现象,且呈现阳性。因此,通过献血者的筛选,我们可以知道人群中存有感染者,而这对减少人们在输血的过程中感染戊型肝炎是非常有意义的。

图1. Nelson教授讲课

我们知道,中国是乙肝大国,如何能有效阻断乙肝传播是大众关心的问题。Nelson教授认为,在中国,对孕妇的血液安全进行筛查能在一定程度上有效阻断乙肝传播。

采访的最后,Nelson教授强调尽管丙肝的抗病毒药的治疗效果很好,但是对丙肝病毒的相关研究依旧非常重要。因为仅仅靠药物治疗还不足以控制这种流行病。

图2. Nelson教授与AME出版社编辑合影

更多精彩内容的分享,欢迎观看视频。

采访编辑:王惠,AME Publishing Company

写作编辑:连海玲,AME Publishing Company

视频编辑:陈国豪,AME Publishing Company

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