图1：Prof. Jeffrey Marks与编辑合影
60年代初，Prof. Basil Hirschowitz发明了一种导光性优良的玻璃纤维，造出了可弯的诊断用内窥镜（flexible endoscope）。此项革新不但造就了第一支实用的医疗用内窥镜，也使各种内窥镜进化到纤维镜（光源和影像均由光纤传递，镜身可弯曲的内窥镜）的时代。因此访谈中，Prof. Marks提到了可曲式内镜检查术（flexible endoscopy）的重要性。过去20年，他也一直致力于推动美国南部的外科医生学习和掌握该技术的使用。他认为使用内窥镜治疗胃肠疾病是最佳的选择也是外科医生必备的技能。
As one of the invited speaker in this section, which speech you want to listen to most?
Prof. Marks, we learnt that you have numerous experiences in laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery, could you briefly introduce their current application in USA?
And what do you view the future of laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery?
Except for the clinical practice in minimally invasive surgery, you also run an active animal lab to research numerous endoscopic techniques, what's your initial thought to run this lab?
We knew that you are the editorial member of many medical journals, how do you balance the clinical work and responsibilities in these journals?
Do you have any suggestions for the young doctors?
Jeffrey M. Marks completed his surgical training at Mt. Sinai Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio in 1992. Following a six-month fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and endoscopy, he joined the faculty of the Department of Surgery at Mt. Sinai in Cleveland. Dr. Marks eventually joined the Department of Surgery at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in 2005. He is Program Director for the Case General Surgery Program, associate director of the Surgical Endoscopy Fellowship, and attained the rank of Professor of Surgery in 2012.
In addition to clinical practice in minimally invasive surgery and advanced therapeutic endoscopy, Dr. Marks runs an active animal lab researching numerous endoscopic techniques and providing endoscopic training courses for surgeons, gastroenterologists, and allied health care. Dr. Marks is a Past President of the Cleveland Surgical Society and The Northeastern Ohio Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. He also serves on editorial boards for numerous medical journals, and leadership committees for many Surgical and GI organizations.