图1：Prof. Michael Brunt与编辑合影
此外，Prof. Brunt也表示不是所有的急性胆囊炎患者都可以接受腹腔镜胆囊全切除手术。有些病情严重的患者，他们的胆囊会出现严重的炎症和纤维化，不能耐受胆囊切除手术，这时可以选择腹腔镜胆囊次全切术（laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy）。大量的研究及文献也表明LSC应用于复杂的胆囊炎患者是可行和相对安全的。
You are the moderator and also the speaker in the “Biliary Injury” section yesterday. These are different experience, so what’s the biggest difference?
In your speech, you mentioned the subtotal cholecystectomy. So in which conditions, doctors need to choose this surgery?
Why do you think laparoscopic surgery is the best treatment for acute cholecystitis?
Also, we learnt that one of your research areas is surgical education, so what do you think should be the focus in surgical education and why?
Have you ever considered that “If you are not a doctor, what will you do in your life time”?
Michael Brunt, M.D. is Professor of Surgery and Section Chief of Minimally Invasive Surgery at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri where he also directs the Washington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery. He received his MD degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and trained in General Surgery at Washington University/Barnes Hospital in St. Louis.
His clinical and research interests are in outcomes studies in laparoscopic surgery, sports hernias, and surgical education. He is a past president of SAGES and is on the editorial boards of Surgical Endoscopy and Annals of Surgery. He has over 200 publications and is a recipient of the Distinguished Clinician Award from Washington University and the Philip J. Wolfson Outstanding Teacher Award from the Association for Surgical Education. For several years he has been listed in the Best Doctors in America and in the Guide to America’s Top Surgeons. He is an honorary member of ELSA and KSELS.