采访中，作为自然腔道与传统腹腔镜胆囊切除术国家临床试验的主要研究员，Steven Schwaitzberg教授与我们简要介绍了该试验的设立目的。提及腹腔镜设备技术的未来发展，Steven Schwaitzberg教授对此持乐观态度，认为该手术未来会更多地结合计算机辅助与影像技术，发展新能源设备，减低成本。
对于腹腔镜外科医生如何获得应具备的技能与知识，Steven Schwaitzberg教授认为可从两方面获得——一是通过不断学习获得知识（Brain），另一方面则是不断练习而获得技能（Hands）。同时，Steven Schwaitzberg教授也与我们分享了其团队对脑部获得知识所发生变化的实验情况。
This afternoon your speech topic is “Minor Ductal Injuries Are Not So Minor”, quite an interesting topic. Here would you kindly summarize some main points of your speech? Why minor ductal injuries are not so minor?
We know that you’re the principal investigator on a national prospective clinical trial of “natural orifice” versus conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Here would you share with us some information of this trial?
One of your research focuses is on device development. Here would you like to tell us what do you think about the future development of laparoscopic devices? As the technology as well will changes the way of surgery, what do you think the changes in laparoscopic surgery with the device’s development?
Another of your research interest is about the skill acquisition in minimally invasive surgery. In your opinion, to be a successful surgeon in the laparoscopic field, what skills or knowledge you think a surgeon should possess? How to obtain this skill?
You’re not just a doctor but also will do research, and also have academic responsibility. You also have your personal life. Then here would you like to tell us how do you balance your clinical work and personal life?
How do you update yourself with the latest progress?
Steven D. Schwaitzberg, MD, FACS is Chairman of the Department of Surgery at the University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and Professor of Surgery and Biomedical Informatics. Prof. Schwaitzberg also serves as the Medical Director, Surgical Program Development, at Great Lakes Health.
A graduate of Johns Hopkins University, Prof. Schwaitzberg received his MD from Baylor College of Medicine and a MA (hon) from Harvard in 2014. He completed his surgical residency (1981-86) at the Baylor Affiliated Hospitals, a fellowship in infectious disease (1980-81) at the Methodist Hospital and in pediatric trauma (1986-87) at the Pediatric Trauma Institute, Floating Hospital for Children.
He previously served as the Chief of Surgery at the Cambridge Health Alliance where he was Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. He served (1990-91) with the 365th Evacuation Hospital, US Military Medical Complex in Seeb, Oman. He has held numerous leadership roles at the New England Medical Center including Chairman of the Institutional Review Board, Medical Director of the Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Director of the Surgical Intensive Care Unit, and Director of Surgical Research where he was Associate Professor of Surgery, Head and Neck surgery and Engineering.
Prof. Schwaitzberg has won numerous awards including the American College of Surgeons 2010 Health Policy Scholar award, Computerworld/National Smithsonian Honors 21st Century Laureate Achievement award (2003), and many awards for teaching excellence. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and currently serves on the Board of Governors. He is Past President of the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons and currently serves as Chairman of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery Committee