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Prof. Hiroshi Date谈日本科学家获诺贝尔奖,有哪些重要因素

Published at: 2015年第1卷第S1期

陆小雁
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编者按:第五届国际胸部肿瘤西子论坛暨胸部微创及介入治疗新技术、快速康复研讨会(国家级继续教育项目)于2016 年 10 月 13 日~16 日在杭州圆满举办。AME编辑团队有幸受邀参加会议,并且很荣幸邀请到来自日本京都大学胸外科的Prof. Hiroshi Date接受采访。

访谈要点

采访中Prof. Date分享了手术治疗T4期肺癌手术的进展和一些选择标准。他认为近20年来肺癌手术以及化疗、放疗等治疗方法都有很大进展,未来手术会是很关键的策略,但是同时要联合放疗和化疗等手段以达到更佳的生存率。这也跟国内专家常常强调的多学科综合治疗的未来趋势一致。作为肺移植手术领域的权威,Prof. Date认为的当前最紧要的问题一是器官供应短缺,二是无法应对慢性排斥(chronic rejection)。

Prof. Date还就最近日本科学家大隅良典获得2016年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖的大热话题跟我们聊了日本科研的一些情况。他以好朋友Prof. Shinya Yamanaka(山中伸弥:成体干细胞研究的先驱,他因“发现成熟细胞可被重写成多功能细胞”与约翰·格登爵士一同获得2012年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖)为例,说明研究者设立未来目标的重要性。Prof. Yamanaka无论何时都会给自己和团队设定目标,并且制定实现目标的策略,付诸行动,即便在拿了诺贝尔奖之后,他还是会有下一个10年的目标。还记得前一阵子被企业家王健林的话刷屏,“想做首富是对的,但是最好先定一个能达到的小目标,比方说我先挣它一个亿”。作为医学研究者,想拿诺贝尔奖也是对的,最好,也先设定一个目标。更多详细内容,欢迎观看采访视频。

采访问题

  1. Self-introduction

  2. With regard to Surgical Treatment of Advanced Lung Cancer: what has been changed and what will Change in the Future

  3. Do you think that the combination of different methods to achieve better survival will be the future trend?

  4. Could you indicate some selection criteria of Surgery for T4 Lung Cancer?

  5. What are the current focus of clinical practice and research in lung transplantation?

  6. Are there any programs in your center for the training of young surgeons?

  7. What do you think are the important factors for the researchers to make so many great achievements and even win the Nobel Prize?

  8. Is the research environment one of the important factors?

  9. Has the Japanese government provided great financial support to the researches? 

  10. How does the university encourage the innovations?

受访专家

Hiroshi Date, M.D., Ph.D. Professor

Chief, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University, was founded in 1941 and involved into a leading international thoracic surgery program from one of the earliest such programs in Japan. For increasing lung cancer surgery, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and robotic-assisted surgery have become a standard approach in our department. Since 2010, Kyoto University lung transplant program has become the most active one in Japan and has performed 112 lung transplants until now and have accepted a number of foreign visitors for observing such operation. Thoracic surgeons trained in the department are practicing in affiliated hospitals mainly in the west part of Japan. Over 7,000 cases of thoracic surgery (about 10% of cases in whole Japan) are performed annually by this group.

采访编辑 | 陆小雁

视频剪辑 | 麦雪芳

doi:

10.3978/kysj.2014.1.2214
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