编者按：今年的美国泌尿协会年会（American Urological Association Annual Meeting ; 简称 AUA）在5月6日-10日于圣迭戈（San Diego）圆满举行。AME 出版社科学编辑小分队也参与了此次会议，现与大家分享众多泌尿领域国际专家访谈。
笔者此次采访的专家，是来至美国休斯顿 Baylor College of Medicine 的男性生殖专家 Larry I. Lipshultz 教授（图1）。Larry I. Lipshultz 教授目前是 Baylor College of Medicine 泌尿外科男科生殖和外科部主任。他早年在宾夕法尼亚大学完成医学培训，后来以第一位 AUA 研究学者身份获得德克萨斯州大学（休斯顿）的 fellowship. Larry I. Lipshultz 教授在男性生殖，勃起功能障碍和男性荷尔蒙研究方面具有丰富经验，是男性健康领域公认的 leading expert。
图1：Larry I. Lipshultz, M.D.
在采访中，Larry I. Lipshultz 教授和我们分享了关于男性不育遗传研究方面进展和看法。教授认为，在美国，几乎有30%的男性不育患者无法确诊，而近年的研究热点就是从基因层面寻找男性不育的病因，而这也是他正在着手进行的工作。Larry I. Lipshultz 教授提及，目前治疗男性不育没有特别明确有效的药物，主要的治疗手段还是显微外科手术。但未来，如果我们能从基因层面找到男性不育的原因，就可以找到无需手术的治疗方法。
当提及他医学生涯最为难忘的经历时，Larry I. Lipshultz 教授认为是自己在美国和国外培训泌尿医师的经历 - 当看到这些接受培训的医师都功成名就时，自己也感到非常欣喜。针对年轻的住院医师，Larry I. Lipshultz 教授建议他们在接受住院医师培训期刊能保持一个开放的心态，而后选择自己未来想要专攻的领域并为之努力。
As a leading expert on men’s health, epically in male fertility, could you briefly summarize the research updates of male infertility regarding clinical diagnosis and treatment in recent years?
Any new developments in genetic causes of infertility?
Is there any drug under trial targeting the treatment of male infertility?
What’s the biggest challenge ahead in the treatment of male infertility?
What studies have you and your team been focusing recently?
What has been your most memorable experience during your career?
If you weren't a urologist what would you be?
What is one piece of advice you would give to a urology resident?
Larry I. Lipshultz, M.D., is Professor of Urology and Chief of the Scott Department of Urology’s Division of Male Reproductive Medicine and Surgery. Dr. Lipshultz, who holds the Smith Chair in Reproductive Medicine, is a well-known authority on abnormalities of male reproduction, erectile dysfunction, and male hormone therapy. He received his medical training at the University of Pennsylvania and received fellowship training at the University of Texas at Houston as the first AUA research scholar. Recognized as a leading expert on men’s health, Dr. Lipshultz is a highly respected author, editor and lecturer. He has published more than 250 journal articles, serves on the editorial boards of several major journals, and edited two widely used comprehensive text books - Urology and the Primary Care Practitioner, (3rd Edition Dec. 2008) and Infertility in the Male,(4th Edition Nov. 2009). Teacher as well as physician, researcher, writer, and editor, Dr. Lipshultz instituted a fellowship training program in male reproductive medicine and surgery that has trained close to 100 physicians who are now in practice both in America and abroad.