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AME专访|J. Michael Millis:中国建立器官自愿捐献体系面临挑战

Published at: 2015年第1卷第S1期

江泳施 , 徐小悦
关键词:

编者按:肝胆外科及论文写作国际研讨会于 9 月 25-26 日在北京芝加哥大学北京中心顺利召开。编辑有幸邀请到芝加哥大学医院移植中心的 J. Michael Millis 教授进行采访。Millis 教授是中国原卫生部的器官移植顾问,为中国的器官移植改革提供了巨大的帮助,采访中 Millis 教授对中国的器官移植分享了自己的看法。

 

Millis 教授提到他在 20 世纪末 21 世纪初,开始留意到中国的器官移植数量在不断增多, 他与他的香港朋友进行讨论,发现中国的整个器官移植体系存在一些伦理问题,这些问题也受到了国际社会的关注。大约 2000 年,Millis 教授开始与前卫生部副部长黄洁夫教授就提高中国器官移植质量进行合作,他们希望最终能够建立一个全新的器官移植体系。而这个梦想在去年终于得以实现了。

Millis 教授认为中国要建立器官自愿捐献体系还面临着挑战,这些挑战包括让中国更多的医院参与到建立自愿捐献体系中,让更多人认识和理解器官捐献,让大众知道自愿捐献体系将对中国带来怎样的好处。被问到如何应对这些挑战,Millis 教授提出可以通过向全社会发表关于器官移植的公告,让大众知道中国在器官移植方面做出的努力和获得的成就。Millis 教授提到在过去 8 年来,中国在器官移植方面有了巨大进步,包括叫停“器官移植旅游”,废除了死囚器官移植等,他认为我们应该为这些成就感到骄傲。

采访问题

  1. When did you begin to pay attention to the organ transplantation issue in China?

  2. Are there any difficulties that will hinder the establishment of a voluntary organ donation system in China?

  3. You have successfully performed liver transplantation for many times. What is the most challenging condition you have ever met?

 

专家介绍:

Dr. Michael Millis is an expert in adult and pediatric transplant surgery. His clinical interests include liver transplantation and hepatobiliary surgery. He has performed more liver transplants than any other surgeon in the region. Dr. Millis has pioneered new techniques of operating on the liver, and his innovations have helped the University of Chicago perform more liver transplants than any other program in the region over the past 15 years.

Dr. Millis's research explores the application of cellular technology to patient care. For instance, he is investigating how hepatocyte transplantation, extracorporeal assist technology and stem cells can assist in the care of patients with liver disease or liver tumors. His research interests also include health and policy ethics. He is a consultant to the Chinese Ministry of Health to help them transform their transplant system, including the development of a donor system for volunteer citizen deceased donors.

 

采访编辑|江泳施,科学编辑,AME出版社

视频剪辑|麦雪芳,视频编辑,AME出版社

doi:

10.3978/kysj.2014.1.1264
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