编者按：为期5天的第95届美国胸心外科年会 (AATS) 在西图雅华盛顿州会议中心落下帷幕。在本次大会，我们很高兴看到许多国内学者就其研究进行了以口头报告或壁报展示的形式进行了学术报告，其中不乏很多年轻的学者。在此，我们很荣幸邀请到了上海交通大学附属胸科医院胸外科方文涛教授跟我们分享他对本次大会的体会。
Chinese thoracic surgeons are increasingly active in major international academic platforms. This year at the AATS meeting we are delighted to notice a couple of Chinese figures sharing their studies at plenary and poster sessions. While feeling proud for them, I can't help but noticing some unanimous problems in their performance. Here are a few thoughts that might be of help to them and all the young surgeons from China who are going to show up on the international stages.
1. Try to talk, instead of simply reciting from memory. You are here to tell a story. So you must be clear in mind what your story is about, and what information you want to deliver to the audience. Recitation makes you neglect the key points of the talk. When you get nervous you tend to screw up your memory. And you are bound to be nervous.
2. Don't underestimate the audience. Most of those at the floor are your seniors who have a far better understanding on the topic of your talk. You are doomed if you think it's a time to show off. You end up either making the listeners sleeping at your introduction, or running out of time on your results and conclusions, or both. Tell the audience the most important things you want them to know from your study, and leave out the trivial parts in your slides or poster. They can read them if they want to.
3. Listen carefully to the questions and comments after you finish the presentation. If you don't catch them, just ask. Don't be shy or ashamed of your language ability. Everyone knows it's not your mother tongue. Questions and comments are meant to be constructive. It is more shameful to give any irrelevant answer, or to get defensive for the sake of self esteem, which is even worse.
4. Make careful preparation beforehand and learn from the others during the course. There are rituals and key points to observe in your talk as well as in the preparation of slides or poster. Nobody is good enough at his debut. Do consult your seniors or any one experienced in such occasions. Meanwhile, don't sit in the meeting room thinking only of yourself. Pay enough attention to how the other speakers do their jobs. It's an excellent opportunity for you to learn all the tricks at a big conference so that you can do a better job next time!
作者|方文涛，上海交通大学附属胸科医院胸外科。上海市胸科医院胸外科卫生部国家临床重点专科学科带头人、主任医师、上海市交通大学医学院博士导师、交通大学食管疾病临床诊治中心主任，先后赴日本东京国立癌中心食管外科和美国波士顿哈佛大学医学院麻省总医院胸外科进修学习。担任包括《Annals of Thoracic Surgery》等多本国际学术期刊的编委。专长肺癌、食管癌、食管良性疾病、以及纵隔、气管疾病等胸部常见病的外科诊治，尤其擅长肺癌、食管癌的系统性淋巴结清扫手术及综合治疗、纵隔肿瘤的诊断和手术为主的多学科治疗、纵隔镜、胸腔镜、机器人等微创手术以及对老年重症胸外科患者的手术治疗。
主编：何建行；Thomas A. D’Amico；支修益
副主编：王群；Tristan D. Yan；周彩存；Heather A. Wakelee；Calvin S.H.；梁文华
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